An anxiety crisis or panic attack is the experience of intense anxiety. mostly last for a few minutes and to 30 minutes in some cases.
Characterized by seizures, hight cardio activity, dizziness, and mental confusion.
Patients with schizophrenia or acute psychotic disorders may also experience panic attacks associated with delirium, hallucinations or dissociation, in the manner of a massive anxiety attack.
What’s Going On With Your Mind During A Panic Attack
The Mind is receiving alerts of danger situation tath isn’t going on, and your body responds to these false alerts causing dizziness, the heart starts beating faster, and itching in different parts of the body. but mostly the idea of losing your mind or control.
During a crisis, the person is usually terrified and very afraid to die, most often from a heart attack. Once calmed, the person feels great relief and fatigue.
What Are The Symptoms Of a Panic Attack?
When a person has a panic attack, they experience at least four of the following sensations:
- Sweating, sweats
- Breath cut, suffocation
- Strangling, ball in the throat
- Pain or chest discomfort
- Vertigo, empty head, instability
- Loss of sense of reality
- Fear of losing control of oneself, of going crazy
- Afraid to die
- Chills, hot flashes
What Are The Possible Causes?
The main causes of a panic attack are stress, phobias, trauma, the environment, both material and human (anxious parents) and temperament. Some substances can also cause panic attacks, such as alcohol, cocaine, cannabis or hallucinogens.
According to the psychiatrist Dominique Servant, as it is a functional disorder, there are no medical pathologies that can explain it. Yet, a team of American researchers has a theory that a panic attack could be triggered by physical problems and possibly hereditary ones. Their research led them to study a regulating gene for serotonin, which would make some people more prone to seizures than others. This theory has not yet been proven.
According to Dominique Servant, heredity due to genetic anomalies remains very hypothetical. In any case, the hypothesis, in this case, based on scientific data, would be that 30% of the causes are biological and 70% are related to environmental factors. On the other hand, small constitutional physiological abnormalities can promote the onset of panic attacks.
What To Do If You Have A Panic Attack?
When one has already experienced a crisis, it is easy to recognize the symptoms. At this point, it is important to control your anxiety so you do not get overwhelmed.
Dominique Servant explains some simple techniques of relaxation and meditation to learn how to manage this situation: “respiratory control; you must learn to breathe slowly. One can also make anchors, such as clenching fists, saying soothing phrases or focusing on the present moment.
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What To Do With A Person In Crisis?
The first time a panicked person does not know that she is having a seizure and it is difficult for her to explain to those around her what is happening to her. If you detect that the person in front of you is having a panic attack, you must remain calm and reassure her by making her understand that she is safe.
Do not worry about adding panic. It is necessary to encourage the person and help him to return calm by the breath “explains Dominique Servant.
How To Treat These Crises?
One of the major consequences of a panic attack is a lingering worry that it will happen again. It is essential to get rid of this anxiety and at the same time the risk of reliving this experience. Relaxation and meditation are very effective, but there are also other, more medical options.
Therapy, either cognitive or behavioral, seems to be the most appropriate solution. It is also possible to use the medication. Dominique Servant states that “if the patient experiences panic attacks over a long period (several months), then we speak of panic disorder.” In this case, more intensive medical follow-up is necessary.
For Advanced understanding, we recommend this article Panic Attack vs. Anxiety Attack