The structure of Freud’s psychological struggle is based on the conflict between two types of instincts that represent the forces emanating from the physiological and chemical structure of man.
– The instincts of the ego: Its purpose is to maintain the same individual according to the principle of reality.
– Sexual instincts: which seek to achieve pleasure by reducing the state of tension causing pain and issued by the libido. Libido represents Freud’s energy, which appears in those sexual impulses and in the form of quantities convertible and assembled and can be transferred from one area of the body to another before the integration and pursuit of an external goal.
But What If The Pursuit Of The Seemingly Headed Towards An Internal Goal?
The discovery of the concept of narcissism, which will disturb the concepts of psychoanalysis established by Freud’s self-love or narcissism by borrowing the Greek myth, means: “investing lipid energy in the self itself”, a term that describes an individual who retains his energy within himself and does not direct its charge towards things. Beyond him. In other words, the libido invests the instincts of the ego with its distinctive character of the motive of survival and self-preservation and is thus an element of sexual instinct by taking the same person as his subject.
Hence, a new attempt by Freud in transforming the conflict between “instincts of ego and sexual instincts” into “instincts of ego and instincts of the subject”. But this view has fallen into the hands of opponents who have attributed him to say that sex is everything and the most important thing, because when he says that the self itself is loaded with libido, it at the same time refers the instinct to stay to a sexual origin, and abandon the foundational imposition of the importance of the conflict between the dual instincts.
Ernest Jones says:
“work done on narcissism has dealt a severe blow to the theory of instincts that underpinned psychoanalysis in the past.”
Freud held on to the idea of conflict and the existence of two poles in the soul that are in conflict until it came at a time when he redefined the nature of the conflict between the motives and the understanding of the starting of the Libido from the narcissistic focus.
Freud saw in the cases of obsessions in which neurons fancied their disease not to benefit or reduce pain. In another phenomenon, “trauma neurosis” found that soldiers who were traumatized during the war had repeated that painful experience of dreams. And dreaming as a way to satisfy suppressed instinct, supposed to lead to pleasure. But in this phenomenon, the person is subjected to a painful experience and increased pain.
How Do We Explain Those Neurotic Phenomena And Those Dreams And Other Tendencies Emanating From The Ego Such As Sadism And Masochism?
The result of these and other phenomena * A new vision of the motives of self-destruction is through an automatic process aimed at the restoration of a previous state established in man after it was eliminated at a stage of its development under the pressure of external forces, it is a tendency to maintain a steady and static, inorganic.
“Primitive stages of puberty always remain possible and restore, the situation is not primitive, as well as primitive man is still alive in every individual.”
That tendency to repeat some of the painful experiences he called Freud, “forced repetition,” which, while contrary to the process of the frequency of pleasure and pain, it is more ancient in primitive and permeate in instinct, “until the principle of pleasure aside to be replaced by forced repetition.”
This Is How The Structure Of The Instinct Struggle Moves Into A Struggle Between Life And Death (Eros, Thanatos)
The ego and sexual instincts that were previously opposite were incorporated by Freud into life’s instincts aimed at sustaining life and mobilizing more living matter to form larger and wider units by linking, merging, and building.
While aggressive death instincts of self-harm and self-harm are aimed at opposing the motive of life and dismantling those units to return to a point of full reduction of tension lies in the inorganic state and inanimate matter.